Bambang Setiadi, Head of BSN. Opportunities raised tempe into a huge industry is not impossible. Opportunities opened by the approval of the proposed standards proposed tempe Indonesia on trial Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) 34th July 2011 in Geneva last 4-9. At the hearing, tempe successfully validated as new work item in the CAC.
With the approval of tempe as a New Work of Regional Codex Standard, Indonesia's efforts to fight tempe standards at the international level is wide open, the article of Indonesia's proposal was accepted by Codex, the container with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO).
Since then, the international standardization for the tempe was prepared. Indonesia is one country that is assigned as the standardization of the drafting team. Thus Indonesia has the opportunity to develop the standard with respect to the interest and ability of national industries, and referring to the SNI which we already have.
Just for information, to the local level since October 2009 last, in fact already established the Indonesian National Standard (SNI) for tempe. Its ISO code is SNI3144: 2009. In these standards, soy tempe is defined as the product obtained in the fermentation of soybean seeds using fungi Rhizopus sp, compact solid-shaped, white, slightly grayish, and the distinctive smell of tempe.
Unfortunately, many soybean production that does not meet these standards. Tempe only export-oriented effort to meet these standards. However, these standards are not necessarily acceptable to all countries so that international standards are needed.
Later, when Indonesia was able to develop standards at international level tempe, then open a big opportunity for Indonesia to develop a modern tempe industry in all parts of the world, to develop our own standards. So, this is a golden opportunity and challenge to Indonesia to make tempe "go international".
Added value for the Economy
As one of the 20 soybean producing countries in the world, Indonesia through a BSN earn the trust to create a standardization to the world. Of course this is good news because of the 20 soybean producing countries, the international standards we are accepted.
Given these beliefs, do not worry standardization BSN Indonesia tempe be missed by other countries. The reason, of the 20 countries that produce and commercialize tempe like the U.S., Canada, Mexico, Belgium, Austria, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, South Africa, India, England, Australia , as well as New Zealand, but we accepted international standards.
To obtain recognition of the world, Indonesia has to go through eight stages. In the meantime, post-approval standard tempe Indonesia as the New Work of Regional Codex Standard, Indonesia only three more steps to obtain tempe Standardization will be recognized the world.
To speed up the process, this year BSN met with the countries of Asia. When the Asian countries the process can be accelerated, stage can be directly to the eight stages. If this happens, then next year we can be sure that we stand for tempe standard already applies and is accepted internationally. Previously BSN create an international standard tempe gradually. First, for the Asia Pacific region, after it had spread to Europe, Africa, and elsewhere.
BSN fighting efforts in order that the standardization of tempe can be done by Indonesia was to make tempe industry in this country will be met on the world stage of the world market consumption. Moreover, other than it is from Indonesia, with a consumption of 2.4 million tons per year, Indonesia today is the nation's largest consumer of soybean in the world.
Currently, in Indonesia there are approximately 81 000 manufacturing business producing tempe tempe 2.4 million tonnes per year. Soybean industry generates about Rp37 trillion in added value. Of data owned by Primary Cooperative Know Tempe Indonesia (Primkopti), from 2.2 million tons per year of domestic soybean demand, only 600 thousand tons, which would be met by local soybean growers. While another 1.6 million tons must be imported from the United States. Of the 1.6 million tons of it, assuming the 80 percent is processed into tempe and tofu, while 20 percent were for other snacks such as soy milk. The point, of this record soybean industry to give enough value to the people's economy.
Standards development can be seen as an attempt tempe to strengthen the ability of soybean producers. Because, basically tempe standards are being developed aims to assist national tempe industry in tempe manufacturing of quality and durability.
Indonesia receipt of proposals for international standards of Tempe has a breath of fresh air for the industry. They had the opportunity to penetrate export markets to countries, especially those with quite a lot of vegetarian groups. Standardization will be a guarantee to consumers the products they consume eligibility.
Supported by the Ministry of Industry, is currently a team of University of Gadjah Mada (UGM) is a serious set the standards of this soy-based food products. One concern of this team is how standards are created tempe, tempe will not burden employers are mostly based SME entrepreneurs. The hope when the standard was already finished and the prevailing international, national soybean industry will be more forward again.
Some important points in the standard of Tempe is about the standard of quality, durability, and nutritional value of tempe. The standard is not merely non-tariff barrier, but also to ensure that imported and local products can compete fairly in the marketplace. Thus, it can open up opportunities of local products to compete in global markets.
While the commercial side, in the international soybean market is also very promising because of the increasing number of vegetarian society (those who like vegetables) in the world.
Tempe is widely consumed and a typical food in Indonesia. But, along with the development of a vegetarian lifestyle, tempe is now also widely consumed by people of some countries, like Australia, the United States, Japan, Korea, India, and Malaysia. Long story short tempe has worldwide.
For your information, the Vegetarian in the world are using tempe as a meat substitute snacks. This indicates that tempe had entered into a commodity trading and food industry is very important. Moreover, Vegetarian adherents continue to grow and now the number has reached 500 million people. From the terse but, of whom 350 million are from India, while in the U.S. and European countries about 20 million people.This is the outlook for our markets. Because I tell you, in Japan, the United States, the Netherlands, and Germany's industrial tempenya already exists.
Source : Sindo Weekly, 19-25 April 2012 / humasristek